What You Need- Trees- They come - Single Varieties or Combinations and Bare Root or Potted in Soil
-Single Varieties or Combinations- Single Varieties- means it is one type of fruit on one tree. These may be Self Fertile (only need one tree to get fruit) or Requires a Pollinator (needs another type of the same fruit, one that is known as a pollinator, in order to get fruit). Combination Trees- Trees that have Multiple Varieties grafted onto it- so it pollinates itself, only one tree needed.
-Bare Root or Potted. Trees are often only available as “Bare Root” in late winter and early spring. You can save money getting trees this way. They need to be planted right away before they start to leaf out. Often at any time of the year, you find trees planted in pots with soil. These trees can be planted almost anytime of the year and tend to be more expensive than bare root trees.
- Select Your Trees and Plant 10-15’ or more from each other, depending upon your selections.
- Plant in the Ground or in Pots. Refer to How to Plant a Tree Blog. Fruit Trees Like Good Drainage, Rich Organic Soil in Full Sun.
- Use Organic Fertilizers and Soil Amendments. We like G&B! Use at time of planting, and every month during growing seasonal ( follow directions on package) Mulch Spring and Fall to conserve moisture and protect roots from drought, wind and temperature extremes.
- Mason Bees Pollinate Fruit. Add Houses and /or Mason Bee Larvae. Native bees will also help.
- Dormant Spray with Horticultural Oil in Winter to help prevent pests and disease. Use Beneficial Insects and Organic Pesticide Methods.
- Prune in Late Winter, Early Spring depending upon your climate. Use Clean tools & Avoid pruning off fruiting Spurs! Train young trees for good branching structure. Hire a professional when needed, before they get out of hand.
- Enjoy your late Summer to Fall Fruit!
Peaches, Apricots, Nectarines & Citrus: Most are Self Fertile- Only One Tree Needed, but more does increase fruit production. Citrus are not winter hardy.
Cherries: Need 2 separate Varieties or Combination Tree. A few are self-fertile.
Plums: Many are Self-Fertile or Combination Tree.
Nuts: Most need either a male and female or another variety to pollinate for nuts. Most nuts do not do well in the PNW- Filberts/Hazelnuts are the exception.